23 March 1901 marks the capture of Emilio Aguinaldo, President of the 1st Philippine Republic, by General Frederick Funston and his four American officers through the aid of 80 Filipino soldiers belonging to a group of mercenaries called "Macabebe Scouts." (For a long, distinguished history of the Macabebe Scouts, see John Alan Larkin's article).
Recommended Reading: De Viana, Augusto. 2001. Apples & Ampalaya: Bittersweet Glimpses of the American Period in the Philippines (1898-1946). Manila: University of Santo Tomas Publishing House.