26 May 1940. President Manuel L. Quezon inks the Girl Scouts of the Philippines (GSP) charter under Commonwealth Act No. 542. Josefa Llanes Escoda or "Pepang" -- acclaimed as "Florence Nightingale of the Philippines" -- set her mark on the pages of Philippine history as the GSP's first national executive. More about this famous Ilocana women's rights activist in Dominador Javellana III's, Bolomen: Stories of the Civilian Resistance in Wartime Ilocos (Manila: InterFormat AV Manila, 2003), 87-93.